They are infectious diseases that occur on the surface of the skin, nails or scalp.
Wherever the area formed by the fungus is, the symptoms are formed accordingly. For example, on the skin, scaling, redness, itching and red rashes are seen from time to time. In the nail, nail thickening may show itself as rot or yellowish discoloration. It gives symptoms in the form of shedding and watering in the hair.
It causes disease in human tissue through contamination from soil from animals or humans. The most common types of fungi are dermatophytes and candida. These species settle on the keratin tissue of the skin and feed on these tissues and cause disease.
Fungal diseases must be treated as they are contagious. It can be transmitted from person to person, as well as spreading to different regions in the same individual.
After a clear diagnosis is made by the dermatologist, superficial (cream, lotion, spray) or systemic (tablet) treatment is started depending on the severity of the fungus.
At the same time, it is very important to keep the fungus area dry and pay attention to hygiene conditions.